Wheat in the rice-wheat cropping system of the Punjab

a synthesis of on-farm research results, 1984-1988
  • 58 Pages
  • 1.77 MB
  • English

Coordinated Wheat Programme, PARC, International Maize and Wheat Center, CIMMYT , Islamabad
StatementMohammad Aslam (et al.).
SeriesPARC/CIMMYT paper -- no. 89-3
ContributionsMohammad Aslam., Pakistan Agricultural Research Council., International Maize and Wheat Improvement Center., Coordinated Wheat Program.
The Physical Object
Paginationxi, 58 p. :
ID Numbers
Open LibraryOL17293408M

Punjab's rice-wheat cropping system plays a key role in ensuring national food security and remained centered to many research and development activities. However, the yields of these crops are not increasing with same pace as in earlier years (Mann and Garrity, ).File Size: KB.

On-farm experiments conducted on alluvial soils of Punjab with diverse crop rotations of different water requirement showed that at Nawanshahar, mean yield of wheat was similar for rice-wheat system (RWS; Mg/ha) and maize-wheat system (MWS; Mg/ha).Cited by: 3.

crop management in the rice-wheat farming system of Punjab and to suggest the policy options to remove them. Data from 3 main districts from rice-wheat tract of Punjab was collected during season using multistage sampling procedure. The major constraints faced by the farmers in crop management were diagnosed to be.

A financial analysis of permanent raised beds for rice–wheat and alternative cropping systems in Punjab, India H.S. Dhaliwal, R.P.

Download Wheat in the rice-wheat cropping system of the Punjab PDF

Singh, Tejpal Singh, Yadvinder-Singh, E. Humphreys and S.S. Rice-Wheat Cropping System in Punjab The rice-wheat growing areas in Pakistan are primarily situated in central Punjab (main districts include Gujranwala, Sheikhupura, Narowal and Sialkot) followed by Sindh (Fig 1).

The rice-wheat cropping system in Pakistan is the major one with an estimated area of mha. Thus, the rice-wheat cropping system is the cornerstone of India's food self-sufficiency. The environmental requirements for the growth and development of both rice and wheat crops are contrastingly different.

A diagnostic study of constraints in rice-wheat cropping systems was conducted by CCS Haryana Agricultural University, Hisar, CIMMYT, IRRI, and ICAR and showed that a high population of Phalaris minor-a serious Wheat in the rice-wheat cropping system of the Punjab book of wheat in the rice-wheat cropping system-and a decline in soil productivity were two major constraints of the system (Harrington.

The Rice-wheat cropping system is India’s most widely adopted cropping system practiced on an estimated area of around 11 million hectares.

This system is prevalent in Indo-Gangetic plains (IGP) and is predominant in Uttar Pradesh, Punjab, Haryana, Bihar. Rice-wheat rotation in the Indo-Gangetic Plains and Asia is a system where Green Revolution gains are probably not repeatable and must give way to new solutions to issues of malnutrition, sustainability, and economic challenges.

From the farmer-researcher interface. In the rice&wheat system, particularly in the Indo&Gangetic Plains (IGP), rice yields tended to have more of a declining trend than wheat yields. There was also a negative trend in climatic potential yields of rice across a west&east transect of the IGP.

Details Wheat in the rice-wheat cropping system of the Punjab FB2

Description of locations, weather and rice-wheat phenology data Rice-wheat is the cereal-based, staple cropping system most commonly adopted by farmers in the Punjab, Pakistan.

The rice and wheat crops area and production from to in the Punjab province (a and b) and Pakistan (c and d), respectively, are presented in Fig.

Rice-wheat is one of the important cropping systems covering an area of about million hectares in our country. A major portion (about 57 per cent) of the rice-wheat area falls in the Punjab.

The Past and Future Changes in Climate of the Rice-Wheat Cropping Zone in Punjab, Pakistan Vol. 13 12 Rice in the rice-wheat system is normally sown in late May or June and harvested in October which continues through November. Wheat is best planted in mid-November and late varieties continue to be sown late in December or even mid-January.

Nutrient And Water Management In Rice Wheat Cropping System 1. Nutrient and Water Management in Rice-Wheat Systems - some current issues Bijay Singh Department of Soils Punjab Agricultural University Ludhiana Punjab 2.

Rice-wheat cropping system has a long history in Asia. This system has been practiced in China since AD and in Pakistani Punjab since (Gupta et el. It is one of the widely practiced cropping systems in Pakistan and is practiced on million hectares; about 66 percent of this area is concentrated in Punjab.

Punjab agriculture supported by input and output price structure and superior yields of rice and wheat compared to other crops has virtually become a rice-wheat monoculture.

The rice-wheat cycle has led to over exploitation of ground water resources in the state. A rice (Oryza sativa L.)-wheat (Triticum aestivum L.) cropping system (RWCS) is practiced on about 24 million hectare (Mha) in Asia with Mha area in South Asia, principally in the Indo-Gangetic plains (IGP) (Saharawat et al., ).

The book reveals new systems of rice intensification and management and illustrates the application of no-till and conservation farming to the rice-wheat system. In Pakistan, there are mainly two major constraints of low wheat yield in rice- wheat cropping system i.e. late planting and shortage of water.

Total area under rice in Pakistan is about million hectares, out of which 50 percent lies under fine rice varieties. In the crop year, Punjab produced lakh ton wheat and the government procured lakh ton wheat in the marketing. The favorable rice-wheat environment is found mainly in the western part of the rice-wheat belt, where wheat is the dominant crop— in Pakistan, the northwestern Indian states of Punjab and Haryana, and western Uttar Pradesh (Map 1).

Description Wheat in the rice-wheat cropping system of the Punjab PDF

The less favorable rice-wheat environ-ment occurs in. Wheat and rice are the important cereals of the area. Generally, wheat is rotated with summer rice. The rice-wheat cropping system has led to an alarming situation and some parts of Punjab have been declared as dark zones; under such circumstances, it becomes essential to go in for alternative.

Sustainable Agriculture and the International Rice-Wheat System book. Principles and Practices of Tillage Systems for Rice-Wheat Cropping Systems in the Indo-Gangetic Plains of South Asia 10 pages Impact of No-Tillage Farming on Wheat Production and Resource Conservation in the Rice-Wheat Zone of Punjab, Pakistan.

Muhammad Azeem Khan. Crop residue burning is severe in rice–wheat cropping system of North-western states (Punjab, Haryana, Uttarakhand, and western Uttar Pradesh) of India, where mechanized harvesting of rice using. saline area of district Hafizabad of rice-wheat cropping system of the Punjab.

Pre-tested interviewing schedule was used to get detailed information about fish farming through personal contacts with farmers. In total 50 fish farmers were interviewed randomly.

Descriptive and partial budgeting techniques were applied for data analysis. The Rice-Wheat Cropping System of South Asia brings together information gathered from research institutions, government organizations, and farmer surveys.

The analysis concentrates on the trends of rice-wheat cropping over time, paying special attention to the evidence of-and reasons for-changes in productivity. It also analyzes the impact of. Farm-level Sustainability of Intensive Rice-Wheat System Socioeconomic and Policy Perspective he rice-wheat system (RWS) is one of the widely practiced cropping systems in India and covers about million ha.

About 90% of this area is concentrated in the Indo-Gangetic Plains (IGP) comprising the states of Punjab, Haryana, Uttar Pradesh. The seasonal trends in climate variables and their impact on rice and wheat yields in Punjab are assessed using daily data of temperature and rainfall by district from to A significant rise in mean temperature is observed in both the rice- and wheat-growing periods.

Rainfall during the rice-growing period has decreased 7% annually over the past 30 years. Wheat is cultivated in various cropping systems such as -wheat, maize-ricewhea t, cotton-wheat and sugarcane-wheat in Punjab, Pakistan. Rice-wheat and cotton-wheat contributed about 60% of the wheat area in the country.

In Pakistan wheat sowing starts from October and continues till the mid of January (Farooq. et al. In rice-wheat. Climate effect on farming systems. Each region in India has a specific soil and climate that is only suitable for certain types of farming.

Many regions on the western side of India experience less than 50 cm of rain annually, so the farming systems are restricted to cultivate crops that can withstand drought conditions and farmers are usually restricted to single cropping. Why rice-wheat crop-pattern is good for Punjab and its farmers * Return per hectare from rice-wheat cropping system has consistently remained higher than all the other crops available to Punjab.

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